Palabora Mining Companies In South Africa

Palabora Mining Company in South Africa

      Palabora Mining Company was founded in South Africa in August 1956. The company is owned and managed by Rio Tinto. 57.7% owned by Rio Tinto and Anglo American has a 16.8% stake. On September 5, 2012, the two companies announced their intention to sell their respective interests in Palabora. On December 11, 2012, Rio Tinto announced that it reached an agreement with a consortium binding sales that are committed to the sustainable management continuously from Palabora. The consortium is comprised of South Africa and China entity led by the Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) of South Africa Limited and China’s Hebei Iron & Steel Group. The sale agreement was concluded in July 2013, and the company name changed from Palabora to Palabora Copper Mining Company (Pty) Limited.
       Located 360km north east of Pretoria, close to Kruger National Park, Palabora is South Africa’s leading copper producer and also a major source of vermiculite and baddeleyite (zirconium oxide). The majority shareholder in Palabora Mining Co. is Rio Tinto plc (57.7%) and Anglo-American. Palabora Copper (Pty) Limited and beneficiates extract copper and other by-products in Ba-Phalaborwa area of Limpopo Province. Palabora just fine copper producer South Africa and supply the local market with 85% of copper needs.
       Copper operations consist of underground mines, a concentrator, a copper smelter with anode casting facilities and associated acid plant, an electrolytic refinery tank house, rod casting plant, magnetite separation plant and plant by-product recovery. Vermiculite operation comprises open pit mining operations and recovery plants. Open-pit mining began in Palabora in 1964 and ended in 2002 when the economy reaches a depth hole final. The development of an underground mine to work ore remaining under the bottom of the pit began in the last years of open pit mine production, at a cost of about $ 465m, with the prospect of life of over 20 years in the underground operation. Integrated copper production complex has a metal-refining capacity of 135,000t / y, despite the change to underground mining means that some of this capacity is now redundant. Operation employs about 1,800 people.
      Palabora containing magnetite, vermiculite, apatite, zirconium, titanium and uranium and copper. Deposit is hosted in a complex consisting of alkali particularly frozen pyroxenite with events pegmatites, foskorite and carbonatite. Three separate mineralized zones have been identified in outcrop 20km² complex surfaces, from the north is rich in phosphates and the center (Loolekop) zone forms the basis for this Palabora copper production. Copper ores are hosted in carbonatite pipe where the value is usually concentric with the highest value (1.0% copper) at its core. High grade mineralization extends down the center of the projected end of the pit open floor. Underground mine has been developed on the proven reserves 225Mt at 0.7% copper, plus the possibility of additional reserves of 16Mt grading 0.49% copper. At the end of 2005, proven and probable reserves of 112Mt levels reached 0.56% copper, representing a significant reduction of the tonnage and grade quoted previous year. Rio Tinto recorded a US $ 161m asset write-down in the 2005 accounts to reflect this.

operation Underground mine in Palabora       Throughout the 35-year life, Palabora often at the forefront of technological development of surface mining. The main feature is the use of trolley-assist systems for haul trucks out of the pit, to save diesel, and it was one of the early users both in pit crushing and computerized despatching trucks. Open pit fleet consists of about 20 Euclid and Unit Rig trucks, with the four P & H 2100XPA and 2,800 shovel. Cargo truck monitored using Pit control systems on-board overload the shovel, associated with Modular Mining Systems’ despatching and monitoring program. Fuller-Traylor rotating in-pit crusher, with a nominal capacity of 5,000t / h, feeding the main conveyor that carried a 1.8-width crushed ore drift up on the pit wall to the rough surface of the ore stock.

open pit mines in Palabora       Underground mine is block caving operation, the first such system to be used in metal mining in South Africa. With the introduction of underground operations, ore output had fallen from the 82,000t / d achieved in the previous open pit to 30,000t / d. However, the transition to underground production has proved problematic, especially in relation to the handling of large ore in drawpoints, and I have struggled to meet production targets. Average output during the end of 2003 was about 20,000t / d, and additional secondary breaking system is being built to help alleviate the bottleneck drawpoint.
       Shaft sinkers contracted to install the service shaft and axle production in the main-1,280m, while RUC Mining Contractors have carried out underground development. This includes driving around 36km of tunnels plus the underground crusher station, ore handling infrastructure and weaken level to block the first cave, located 500 m below the base of the final hole. Destroying the station was equipped with four ThyssenKrupp 900T / h double-toggle jaw crusher feed conveyor which connects to the shaft 1.32km production.
       Palabora employs one of the most complex recovery circuit installed in each copper mine, producing eight metals, minerals and chemical products in about 20 different varieties and grades. The complex includes a concentrator, a copper smelter and refinery, is now capable of producing 135,000t / y of copper plus by-product. Phosphate-rich tailings sent to Foskor, while Palabora sells its own copper, precious metals, nickel, zirconium, magnetite and vermiculite in domestic and world markets.